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madre teresa di calcutta wikipedia

[31], Mother Teresa died in 1997. When it comes to saving the poor, the dark bodies are again invisible, for the media seem to celebrate only the worn out platitudes of such as Mother Teresa and ignore the struggles of those bodies for their own liberation. There is no suggestion that she was aware of any theft before accepting the donation in either case. He further criticized the Catholic Church for ignoring the testimony of Dr. Ranjan Mustafi who attributed the recovery of his patient to modern medicine, rather than a miracle associated with Mother Teresa. Moved by her desire to become a missionary, she left her home at the age … [34] In her letters Mother Teresa describes a decades-long sense of feeling disconnected from God[35] and lacking the earlier zeal that had characterized her efforts to start the Missionaries of Charity. English: Mother Teresa (born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997), was an Albanian Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her humanitarian work. On Sunday morning [Sept. 4, 2016], Pope Francis officially bestowed that title at her canonization ceremony in St. Peter's Square. Mother Teresa From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Mother Teresa (born Skopje,North Macedonia), 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was a Roman Catholic nun who started the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her work with people. [39] According to Navin B. Chawla, the Missionaries of Charity set up a small mission in Port-au-Prince. The work of Catholic nun and missionary Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, commonly known as Mother Teresa and from 2016 as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, received mixed reactions from prominent people, governments and organizations. "[6] Fox witnessed one patient with high fever being treated with paracetamol and tetracycline, an antibiotic, only to be later diagnosed with malaria by a visiting doctor, who prescribed chloroquine. An affirmative reply was to mean consent to baptism. I know which I prefer. 12-ago-2019 - Esplora la bacheca "Madre Teresa di Calcutta" di Maria Sammarco su Pinterest. "[11], Murray Kempton has argued that patients were not provided sufficient information to make an informed decision about whether they wanted to be baptised and the theological significance of a Christian baptism. La fondatrice des Missionnaires de … Tomba di Madre Teresa. [10], According to Christopher Hitchens, Mother Teresa encouraged members of her order to secretly baptise dying patients, without regard to the individual's religion. [21], After Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's suspension of civil liberties in 1975 (The Emergency), Mother Teresa said: "People are happier. He said that Mother Teresa's own words on poverty proved that her intention was not to help people, while he quoted her words at a 1981 press conference in which she was asked: "Do you teach the poor to endure their lot?" È in una semplice stanza del refettorio della Casa Madre delle Missionarie della Carità, l'ordine fondato dalla religiosa nata a Skopje nel 1910 e deceduta a Calcutta nel 1997. These include objections to the quality of medical care which they provided, suggestions that some deathbed baptisms constituted forced conversion, and alleged links to colonialism and racism. Her practices and those of the Missionaries of Charity, the order which she founded, were subject to numerous controversies. ", "U.S. Judge Overturns State Conviction of Keating", "Appeals Court Rules In Favor of Keating", "Charles Keating pleads guilty to federal fraud charges; four criminal convictions resolve 10-year-old case", "Mutter Teresa – wo sind ihre Millionen? [2] Chatterjee and Hitchens were called by the Vatican to present evidence against Teresa during her canonisation process. Dark bodies cannot act of their own volition to stretch their own capacity, for they must wait, the media seem to imply, for some colonial administrator, some technocrat from IBM or the IMF to tell them how to do things. There are more jobs. [citation needed] Similar points of view have also been expressed by some former volunteers who worked for Teresa's order. [17] Keating's convictions were thrown out on appeal, as was a summary judgement. [3], In 2016, American sociologist, activist, and president of the Catholic League, Bill Donohue wrote a book in response to criticism of Mother Teresa. "[44], Summary of criticisms of Mother Teresa's charity, medical facilities and associations with public figures, Relationships with controversial public figures, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Gianluigi Nuzzi "Peccato Originale" Chiarelettere, 2017, Nadeau, Barbie Latza "Mother Teresa's Secret Billions and a Vatican Seminary Rampant with Sex Abuse—a New Book Tells All", The Daily Beast, 11 November 2017. File:Mutter Teresa von Kalkutta.jpg. [...] Mother Teresa's work was part of a global enterprise for the alleviation of bourgeois guilt, rather than a genuine challenge to those forces that produce and maintain poverty. The next year, Hitchens published The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, a book that repeated many of the accusations in the documentary. Retrieved May 30, 2007, from, For over forty years, she took care of needs of those without money, those who were sick, those without parents, and those dying in, "Mother Teresa - The Nobel Peace Prize 1979", "Was Mother Teresa Evil? [1] In 2003, after Teresa was beatified by John Paul II, Hitchens continued his criticism, calling her "a fanatic, a fundamentalist, and a fraud." [41], Melanie McDonagh believes that Mother Teresa is in large part "criticized for not being what she never set out to be, for not doing things which she never saw as her job." McDonagh commented, "She wasn't trying to do anything except treat people at the margins of society as if they were Christ himself. I think the world is being much helped by the suffering of the poor people."[14]. [32][page needed] Her writings revealed that she struggled with feelings of disconnectedness,[33] that were in contrast to the strong feelings which she had experienced as a young novice. The work of Catholic nun and missionary Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, commonly known as Mother Teresa and from 2016 as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, received mixed reactions from prominent people, governments and organizations. [12] Simon Leys, defending the practice in a letter to the New York Review of Books, argued that forced conversion is either benevolent or morally neutral. Mother Teresa (1910–1997) was a Roman Catholic nun who devoted her life to serving the poor and destitute around the world. To open the life of someone like Mother Teresa to scrutiny, therefore, is always difficult. She was baptised in Skopje, the day after her birth. [40], In 2016, when she was canonized, Dan Savage drew attention to the conflicting evidence and accused NPR of describing alleged miracles in a way that favoured the church's interpretation. Chatterjee published The Final Verdict in 2003, a less polemical work than those of Hitchens and Ali, but equally critical of Teresa's operations. As a result of this, she was judged by some to have "ceased to believe" and was posthumously criticized for hypocrisy. He also counters critics of Mother Teresa by stating that her periodic hospitalizations were instigated by staff members against her wishes and he disputes the claim that she conducted surreptitious baptisms. She spent many years in Calcutta, India where she founded the Missionaries of Charity, a religious congregation devoted to helping those in great need. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [4], In 1994, Robin Fox, then editor of the British medical journal The Lancet, visited the Home for Dying Destitutes in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and described the medical care the patients received as "haphazard". [38], "Holier than Thou", the May 23, 2005, episode of the Showtime program Penn & Teller: Bullshit!, criticised Mother Teresa, as well as Mahatma Gandhi and the 14th Dalai Lama. - Good and Evil: Empirical Studies",, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons,, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. [28], Chatterjee stated that many operations of the order engage in no charitable activity at all but instead use their funds for missionary work. "No one had ever before done anything remotely like Mother Teresa's order, namely picking up destitute and dying people off the pavements and giving them a clean place to die in dignity. In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and became a symbol of charitable, selfless work. found: New York times WWW site, viewed Sept. 6, 2016(She was known throughout the world as Mother Teresa, considered a saint by many for her charitable work among the poorest of the world's poor. [13], In Hell's Angel and The Missionary Position, Hitchens leveled criticism at what he perceived to be Mother Teresa's endorsement of the government of Enver Hoxha in Socialist Albania. When she left her home! Mother Teresa's comments were criticised by some outside India within the Catholic media.[22]. File; File history; File usage on Commons; File usage on other wikis; Metadata; Size of this preview: 428 × 600 pixels. Had she made substantial withdrawals, the Bank would have risked default. She visited Albania in August 1989, where she was received by Hoxha's widow, Nexhmije, Foreign Minister Reis Malile, the Minister of Health, Ahmet Kamberi, the Chairman of the People's Assembly Petro Dode, and other state and party officials. [6] Fox also observed that staff either declined[citation needed] to use or lacked access to blood films or "simple algorithms that might help the sisters distinguish" between curable and incurable patients: "Investigations, I was told, are seldom permissible". The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, Military Junta who ruled during Argentina's last dictatorship, Prelest § Prelest and saints of the Roman Catholic Church, "Saint of the gutters with friends in high places", "Bill Donohue: Mother Teresa Scared Atheists, Socialists", "The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice", "Mother Teresa's legacy under cloud as sainthood nears", "Mother Teresa and her critics: Should she really be made a saint? [29] Christopher Hitchens described Mother Teresa's organisation as a cult that promoted suffering and did not help those in need. World Food Programme (2020), From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "Blessed Mother Teresa," in Encyclopædia Britannica (2007). So to criticise her for opposing abortion and contraception, for instance, is to criticise her for not running a secular charity, which she never pretended to do. Christopher Hitchens appears in the episode, offering accounts based on his reporting on her life. Indian author and physician Aroup Chatterjee, who briefly worked in one of Mother Teresa's homes, investigated the financial practices and other practices of Teresa's order. He stated, for example, that none of the eight facilities that the Missionaries of Charity run in Papua New Guinea have any residents in them, being purely for the purpose of converting local people to Catholicism. This page was last changed on 28 November 2020, at 17:35. [6], Fox conceded that the regimen he observed included "cleanliness, the tending of wounds and sores, and loving kindness", but critiqued the sisters' "spiritual approach" to managing pain: "I was disturbed to learn that the formulary includes no strong analgesics. For over forty years, she ministered to the needs of the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying of Kolkata. F'C Calcutta u bnadi oħra, hija nkludiet l-għajnuna … Her birth name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Other resolutions: 171 × 240 pixels | 342 × 480 pixels | 548 × 768 pixels | 731 × 1,024 pixels | 2,362 × 3,309 pixels. "[42], Mari Marcel Thekaekara points out that after the Bangladesh War, a few million refugees poured into Calcutta from the former East Pakistan. She replied: "I think it is very beautiful for the poor to accept their lot, to share it with the passion of Christ. Curridori, Francesco "Madre Teresa aveva un maxi-conto allo Ior", il Giornale, 9 November 2017. Despite her request that all of her writings and correspondences be destroyed, a collection of them was posthumously released to the public in book form. In 2017, investigative journalist Gianluigi Nuzzi, in a book titled Original Sin, published accounting documents from the controversial Vatican Bank – officially known as the Institute for the Works of Religion – which revealed that the funds which were held in Mother Teresa's name on behalf of her charity had made her the Bank's biggest client, and they amounted to billions. [30] In an essay in the collection White Women in Racialized Spaces, historian Vijay Prashad said of Mother Teresa: Mother Teresa is the quintessential image of the white woman in the colonies, working to save the dark bodies from their own temptations and failures. Teresa was born Anjezë Gonxhe (or Gonxha) Bojaxhiu (Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; Anjezë is a cognate of "Agnes"; Gonxhe means "rosebud" or "little flower" in Albanian) on 26 August 1910 into a Kosovar Albanian family in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (now the capital of North Macedonia). "Reflections on the harsh criticism of Mother Teresa", Mother Teresa Not a Saint: New Study Suggests She Was a Fraud, Mother Teresa Humanitarian Image A 'Myth,' New Study Says, Why Mother Teresa is still no saint to many of her critics, Pointing Fingers At Mother Teresa's Heirs,, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2016, Articles with failed verification from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:46. ", Thekaekara, Mari Marcel. A day after Mother Teresa visited and left, Duvalier's daughter-in-law went to Mother Teresa's mission and donated 1,000 dollars, not one million as reported. Susan Shields, a former member of the Missionaries of Charity, writes that "Sisters were to ask each person in danger of death if he wanted a 'ticket to heaven'. "Those who are quick to criticise Mother Teresa and her mission, are unable or unwilling to do anything to help with their own hands. Madre Teresa di Calcutta - Wikipedia Come tutti sanno Madre Teresa di Calcutta è stata una grande religiosa che ha dedicato la sua vita ad aiutare i poveri e i bisognosi della città di Calcutta. Teresa of Calcutta, born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (signature); ... Bunda Teresa; Paggamit sa Madre Teresa di Calcutta; Paggamit sa Mader Teresa; Paggamit sa Teresia de Calcutta; Paggamit sa Moder Teresa; Paggamit sa Maica Tereza; Paggamit sa Мать Тереза; Paggamit sa se.wikipedia… [18][19][20] Keating later pled guilty to four counts of wire and bankruptcy fraud and was sentenced to time served. "l libro di Nuzzi: "Madre Teresa aveva un maxi-conto allo Ior", La Stampa, 9 November 2017. [36][37][failed verification] Thomas C. Reeves suggests that this criticism displays a basic unfamiliarity with the concept of the "dark night of the soul". Mother Teresa herself referred to the facilities as "Houses of the Dying". This city is now called Skopje and is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. For over forty years, she ministered to the needs of the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying of Kolkata. These approving comments were seen as a result of the friendship between Teresa and the Congress Party. English: Mother Teresa (born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997), was an Albanian Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her humanitarian work. Along with the neglect of diagnosis, the lack of good analgesia marks Mother Theresa's approach as clearly separate from the hospice movement. Keating had donated millions of dollars to Mother Teresa and had lent her his private jet when she visited the United States. Fil-każ ta' Madre Tereża, din il-filosofija bażika tal-ħajja hija msejsa sew fil-fidi nisranija tagħha. "[40], According to Mark Woods, writing in Christian Today, "And perhaps just as significant, in terms of her public perception, is the sense among Christians that her critics don't really understand what she was doing. Australian feminist Germaine Greer called her a "religious imperialist" who preyed on the most vulnerable in the name of harvesting souls for Jesus. Her father died when she was eight and she was raised by her mother. Secrecy was important so that it would not come to be known that Mother Teresa's sisters were baptising Hindus and Muslims. She later considered 27 August, the day she was baptised, her "true birthday". [23] Gelli was known for being the head of the Propaganda Due masonic lodge, which was implicated in various murders and high-profile corruption cases in Italy, as well as having close connections with the neo-fascist Italian Social Movement and the Military Junta who ruled during Argentina's last dictatorship (1976-1983). Her practices, and those of the Missionaries of Charity, the order which she founded, were subject to numerous controversies. Criticism does focus on Teresa's character statement produced in the Charles Keating case, where Keating was charged with fraud following high-profile business failures. She didn't address the fundamental causes of poverty because she was addressing the symptoms and she did that well," nor were her sisters social workers. She supported Licio Gelli's nomination for the Nobel Prize in Literature. [citation needed], She was sometimes accused by Hindus in her adopted country of trying to convert the poor to Catholicism by "stealth". From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Fox specifically held Teresa responsible for these conditions in the Home, writing, Mother Teresa "prefers providence to planning". When nonwhite people labor in this direction, the media typically search for white benefactors or teachers, or else, for white people who stand in the wings to direct the nonwhite actors. [...] The Euro-American-dominated international media continue to harbor the colonial notion that white peoples are somehow especially endowed with the capacity to create social change. Mother Teresa was born in Uskub, Ottoman Empire on August 26, 1910. [24][25][26][27], Chatterjee stated that the public image of Mother Teresa as a "helper of the poor" was misleading, and that only a few hundred people are served by even the largest of the homes. McDonagh stated "What she wasn't was a head of government. "[6], Mary Loudon, who volunteered at the same facility, observed "syringes run under cold water and reused, aspirin given to those with terminal cancer, and cold baths given to everyone"[7] as well as overcrowding. [8], In 2013, in a comprehensive review[9] covering 96% of the literature on Mother Teresa, a group of Université de Montréal academics reinforced the foregoing criticism, detailing, among other issues, the missionary's practice of "caring for the sick by glorifying their suffering instead of relieving it, ... her questionable political contacts, her suspicious management of the enormous sums of money she received, and her overly dogmatic views regarding, in particular, abortion, contraception, and divorce". ", "Catholic icon Teresa was both adored and attacked", "Mother Teresa as the Mirror of Bourgeois Guilt", "New Book Reveals Mother Teresa's Struggle with Faith", "Mother Teresa of Calcutta's Dark Night of the Soul", "CNN iReport: 'Crisis of Faith: Mother Teresa's letters, Chawla, Navin B., "The Mother Teresa her critics choose to ignore", "Why is Mother Teresa criticised for not doing things that weren't her job? Questioning the Vatican's motivations for ignoring the mass of criticism, the study concluded that Mother Teresa's "hallowed image – which does not stand up to analysis of the facts – was constructed, and that her beatification was orchestrated by an effective media relations campaign" engineered by the Catholic convert and anti-abortion BBC journalist Malcolm Muggeridge. Thekaekara, Mari Marcel (14 September 2016). Visualizza altre idee su madre teresa, calcutta, madre. In 1998, among the 200 charitable assistance organisations reported to operate in Calcutta, Missionaries of Charity was not ranked among the largest charity organisations – with the Assembly of God charity notably serving a greater number of the poor at 18,000 meals daily. There are no strikes." [5] He observed that sisters and volunteers, some of whom had no medical knowledge, frequently made decisions about patient care because of the lack of doctors in the hospice: "There are doctors that call in from time to time," Fox wrote, "but usually the sisters and volunteers (some of whom have medical knowledge) make decisions as best they can. Specifically, the episode pointed to Mother Teresa's relationships with Charles Keating and the Duvalier family, as well as the quality of medical care in her home for the dying. There have been a series of other reports documenting inattention to medical care in the order's facilities. She subsequently laid a bouquet on Hoxha's grave, and placed a wreath on the statue of Mother Albania. The sister was then to pretend that she was just cooling the patient's head with a wet cloth, while in fact she was baptising him, saying quietly the necessary words. Il refettorio è stato convertito in cappella, le pareti sono dipinte in giallo paglia e il pavimento è rivestito di linoleum. Sandro_Pertini_e_Madre_Teresa_di_Calcutta.jpg ‎ (307 × 320 piksela, veličina datoteke/fajla: 33 KB, MIME tip: image/jpeg) Ova datoteka je sa Vikimedijina ostava i može se koristiti i na drugim projektima. [14], She accepted money from the British publisher Robert Maxwell,[15][16] who, as was later revealed, embezzled UK£450 million from his employees' pension funds. In 1994, two British journalists, Christopher Hitchens and Tariq Ali, produced a critical British Channel 4 documentary, Hell's Angel, based on Chatterjee's work. "[43], Navin B. Chawla points out that Mother Teresa never intended to build hospitals, but to provide a place where those who had been refused admittance "could at least die being comforted and with some dignity." Mère Teresa (Sainte Thérèse de Calcutta) - KT42 - portail pour le caté Mère Teresa, religieuse albanaise, et fondatrice des Missionnaires de la charité en Inde, a été déclarée sainte dimanche 4 septembre, place Saint Pierre à Rome.

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